The scientists of Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution , All-Russian Rapeseed Research Institute together with the scientists of Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "All-Russia Research Institute of oil crop by V.S. Pustovoit have created a variety that combines high productivity and adaptability, high oil and seed quality, resistance to major diseases. Since 2013 it has been included in the State Register of protected varieties (RF patent number 6975) and approved for production.
Variety pedigree: the variety has been created by hybridization of Rubezh and Magnum varieties.
Botanical characteristics. The height of the plant is 85-120 cm. There is a weak anthocyanin coloration on the stem. The length and width indices of the cotyledon are average. Hypocotyl anthocyanin coloration is average. The leaf is light green with no anthocyanin. The wax coating on the upper side of the leaf is average. The leaf is of medium length, narrow. The number of leaf segments is low. The length of the stem is average. The leaf segment development is weak. The leaf margin serration is average. The petals are yellow, the length and width indices are average. The anther spotting is very weak. The pedicel is long. The flowering time is average. The pod (without the beak) is of medium length. The beak is average. The seeds are round and black. 1000 seeds weight is 3.04 g.
Biological features. The variety is mid-ripening (the vegetation period is 91-94 days). It is resistant to lodging and seed shattering. The resistance to seed shattering exceeds the standard index (of Ratnik variety) by an average of 0.2 points. The variety is moderately damaged by Alternaria, Fusarium and Phomosis, the variety is averagely damaged by downy mildew – at the level of standard. The variety is moderately damaged by cruciferous flea beetles and rape blossom beetles.
Competitiveness. Due to its high productivity and adaptability, its seed quality variety Reef is quite competitive in the North West, Volga-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, Middle Volga and the Urals regions, where this variety has been added in the State Register and approved for further production.
Main advantages. With high yields, high oil and seed quality, this variety is oriented for mechanical harvesting. The variety is recommended for seeds and animal feed purposes in the North West, Volga-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, Middle Volga and the Urals regions.
In the field tests conducted by FSBI ARIR (CSI 2006-2009) the seed yield was 2.16 t / ha, which exceeded the standard index (variety Ratnik) on the average by 0.22 t / ha or 11.3%. The yield of green mass was on the average 23.6 t / ha, which is 1.7 t / ha higher than the control variant. The maximum seed yield of 3.00 t / ha was obtained in 2012 in Lipetsk city by the regional state selection station.
Variety type "00".The oil contains practically no erucic acid. The content of glucosinolates in the seeds is 0,49-0,87% (11,5-20,3 mmol / g), the content of crude fat is 38,0-44,2% (on the average 0.3% higher than the standard variant), the content of protein in the seeds is 21,8-26,3%.
The commercial value of the variety is in its ability to provide a stable yield of seeds and green mass in various regions of Russia.