This high-yielding and high seed quality variety of "00" type has been created for the main rape cultivation regions of Russia.
The variety has been created by B.C. Pustovoyt All -Russian Research Institute of Oil Crops together with the researchers of Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution, All-Russian Rapeseed Research Institute. Since 1993 the variety has been included in the State Register of protected varieties and approved for production.
Variety pedigree: The variety has been obtained by hybridization of varieties Evvin and Hannah.
Botanical characteristics. The bush is half-dense, the plant height is of 90-120 cm. The leaves are green with no anthocyanin. The flowering time is average. The pod is without anthocyanin, beardless and of medium length. The pod beak length is average . The seeds are round and their colour is from dark brown to black. 1000 seeds weight is 2.7-3.5g
Biological features. The variety is mid-ripening. During the environmental field trials conducted by All-Russian Research Institute Of Oil Crops By V.S. Pustovoit (1990-1994 gg.) the vegetation period of this variety averaged 81 days, during the environmental field trials conducted by Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution, All-Russian Rapeseed Research Institute (FSBI ARIR) (ESI 1987-1995) this index was 93-105 days, the variety is resistant to lodging (4.5 points) and seed shattering (pods shattering level was average). The susceptibility to Alternaria and Peronosporosis is average , at the level of the standard variant, the susceptibility to Fusarium is above the standard. It can be averagely damaged by cruciferous flea beetles and rape blossom beetle.
Competitiveness. Due to spring rape high productivity and adaptability potential variety “Galant” is quite competitive in the Central, Volga-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, North Caucasus, Middle Volga, Lower Volga and Far East regions, where this variety has been added to the State Register and approved for the use in production.
Main advantages. This high-yielding variety has high-quality oil and meal, it is resistant to lodging and major diseases, the variety is technologically oriented. It is recommended for cultivation for seeds and for animal feed purposes.
According to the comparative data of All-Russian Research Institute Of Oil Crops and FSBI ARIR variety seed yield was 1.8 and 2.6 t / ha, respectively , within the State system for ensuring the uniformity of measurements it was up to 3.0 t / ha.
Variety type "00". The level of oil in seeds is in average -44.4%, oil yield was 0.72 t / ha. The content of erucic acid in oil was 0.27% , the content of glucosinolates in the seeds was 1.04% (24.3 mol / g) , the content of protein in seeds was 23.5%.
The commercial value of the variety is in its stability of seed and green mass yield, resistance to biotic stress factors and technology oriented cultivation.