For the conditions of the Non-Сhernozem zone of the Russian Federation and the North Caucasus a variety has been created, combining high productivity with high seed quality and resistance to main diseases. Since 1999 it has been included in the State Register of protected varieties (RF patent №1030) and approved for production.
Variety pedigree: Galant (spring variety) x Doral (winter variety).
Botanical characteristics. The plants are of medium height (75-103 cm). The anthocyanin coloring is absent. The width of the cotyledon is average. The anthocyanin coloring of the hypocotyl is weak. The leaf is green with no anthocyanin, the waxy coating is average. The development of leaf segments is average. The leaf margin serration is average. The petal is yellow. The spotting of the anther is absent. The flowering time is average. The pod (without the beak) is of medium length. The beak of the pod is average. The seeds are round and black. 1000 seeds weight is 3,3-4,0 g.
Biological features. The variety is mid-ripening , the vegetation period is 99-110 days. It is highly resistant to lodging and resistant to seed shattering. Its resistance to Alternaria and Peronosporosis is average, at the level of the standard indices. Its resistance to Fusarium is high, much higher than the index of Hannah variety. The variety is moderately damaged by cruciferous flea beetles.
Competitiveness. Due to its high productivity , adaptability and its seed quality variety “Forum” is quite competitive in the Northern, North-Western, Central, Volga-Vyatka regions and also in the North Caucasus region, where the variety has been added in the State Register and approved for further production.
Main advantages. With high yields, high oil and seed quality, this variety is oriented for mechanical harvesting. The variety is recommended for seeds and animal feed purposes.
On the average during the period of 1992-1994 the seed yield of this variety during the comparative field tests conducted by FSBI ARIR was 2.31 t / ha that was 0.48 t / ha higher than the standard variant.
Variety type "00". The content of erucic acid in the oil is 0,0-0,22% , the content of glucosinolates in the seed is 0.2-0.5% (4,7-11,7 mol / g), the content of crude fat is 44,7-49,4% which is 1.6% above the standard. The protein content in the seeds is 18,1-18,9% and the green mass on average is 17.9%.
The commercial value of “Forum” variety is in its advantage over the standards cioncerning the seed yield, in its high quality of oil and meal, its resistance to major pathogens, its technology of cultivation and harvesting. The seeds of this variety are in demand in Ryazan and the other regions.