A new variety of spring rape has been obtained for the Central Black Earth region of Russia , it combines high productivity with high seed quality and resistance to major diseases. Since 2015 it has been included in the State Register of protected varieties (RF patent №7519), and approved for production.
Variety pedigree: the variety has been created by hybridization of Lyra x Casol varieties.
The botanical characteristics. The plant height varies from medium to high (84-119 cm). The stem is without anthocyanin coloration. The length and width of the cotyledons are average. The anthocyanin coloration of the hypocotyl is medium-high. The leaves are green with no anthocyanin. The length of the leaf is average , the width varies from narrow to medium. The wax coating on the upper side of the leaf is medium. The number of leaf segments is low-medium. The length of the stem is average. The development of leaf segments is poor-average. The leaf margin serration is average. The petal is yellow. The length and width are average. The spotting of the anther is weak. The length of the flower stalk is medium- long. The flowering time is average. The length of the pod (without the beak) is medium and the length of the pod beak is average. The seeds are round and black. 1000 seeds weight is 3.0-3.6 g .
The biological features. The variety is mid-ripening , the vegetation period is 84-94 days. It is resistant to lodging and resistant to seed shattering. In terms of resistance to seed shattering it exceeds the standard variety index (“Ratnik” variety) by an average of 0.2 points. The variety is characterized by a high degree of adaptation to the agro-climatic conditions of Central Black Earth region of Russia. The variety is slightly affected by Alternaria, downy mildew, Fusarium and Phomosis - at the level of the standard variant. The variety is moderately damaged by cruciferous flea beetles.
Competitiveness. Due to its high productivity , adaptability and its high seed quality variety “Altair” is quite competitive in the Central Black Earth region where the variety has been added in the State Register and approved for further production.
The main advantages. With high yields, high oil and seed quality, this variety is oriented for mechanical harvesting. The variety is recommended for seeds and animal feed purposes.
During the tests conducted by FSBI ARIR (CSI 2007-2011.) the seed yield of this variety was 2.30 t / ha, which was higher than the standard index (“Ratnik” variety) by an average of 0.36 t / ha or 18.6% . The yield of green mass was on the average 21.2 t / ha - at the level of the control variant. The highest seed yield of 2.92 t / ha was obtained in 2012 in the CCR at Lipetsk State Experimental Station.
Variety type "00". Erucic acid in the oil is (0.03%) practically absent. The content of glucosinolates in the seeds varies from 0.42 to 0.78% (from 9.8 to 18.2 mmol / g), the content of crude fat is 39,0-44,9%, the content of protein in the seeds is 21,8- 26.4%.
The commercial value of “Altair” variety is in its ability to provide a stable yield of seeds and green mass in the Central Black Earth region of Russia, to give high-quality seeds, resisting various diseases and pests.