Spring rape "Luch"

The variety has been created by Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution , All-Russian Rapeseed Research Institute together with All-Russian Research Institute of St. Petersburg, Agricultural Research Institute.

For the North, Volga-Vyatka and West Siberian regions of Russia a variety has been created combining high productivity with high quality seeds and disease resistance. Since 2011 it has been included in the State Register of protected varieties (RF patent number 5944) and approved for production.

Variety pedigree: the variety has been created by individual selection of F2 from hybrid combination of Orakel and Ratnik varieties.

Botanical characteristics. The plant is of medium height ,105-119 cm. The stem is without anthocyanin coloration. The length and the width of the cotyledons are average. Anthocyanin coloration of hypocotyl is strong. The leaf is green, with no anthocyanin. The length and width of the leaf are average. The wax coating on the upper side of the leaf is average. The number of leaf segments is average. The length of the stem and leaf development degree are average. The leaf margin serration is moderate. The petals are yellow, the length and width are average. The length of the pedicel is average. The time of flowering is very early. The pod length (without the beak) is average. The pod beak is short. The seeds are round and black. 1000 seeds weight is 2.8-3.9 g.

Biological features.The variety is mid-ripening, the vegetation period to seed maturation is 75-90 days. The lodging resistance is above the average, seed shattering is below the average. The variety is characterized by a high degree of adaptation to the agro-climatic conditions of Western Siberia and to the northern regions of Russia.

The susceptibility to Fusarium, Phomosis is below the average and to downy mildew and Alternaria is at the standard level (Ratnik variety). It can be averagely damaged by cruciferous flea beetles and by rape blossom beetle.

Competitiveness. Due to its high potential of productivity and adaptability, high seed quality variety “Luch” is quite competitive in the North, Volga-Vyatka and Western Siberian regions, that is why it has been introduced in the State Register.

Main advantages. Yield, high-quality oil and seeds, the variety is technologically oriented and suitable for mechanical harvesting. It is recommended for cultivation for seed and animal feed purposes.

During the field trials conducted by FSBI ARIR variety “Luch” (2002-2007 gg.) had a seed yield of 1.94 t / ha which exceeded Ratnik variety yield by 0.01 t / ha or 0.5%. The highest seed yield of 3.40 t / ha was obtained in 2011 by the SES of Tomsk (Tomsk region).

Variety type "00". The content of erucic acid in the oil is 0,01-0,40% , the content of glucosinolates in the seeds is 0,54-0,71% (12,6-16,6 mmol / g). The content of crude fat in the seeds is 40,3-45,8% , the protein in the seeds is 20,5-25,8%.

The commercial value of variety “Luch” is in its high seed and feed efficiency, as in its high oil and seed quality, its high resistance to major diseases, its technology of cultivation and harvesting.