The variety is also characterized by the resistance to major diseases. Since 2008 it has been included into the State Register of protected varieties (Patent №4167 Russian Federation) and approved for production.
Variety pedigree: Выведен методом семейно-группового отбора из гетерогенной популяции LPK HOH 03 (Германия).
The botanical characteristics. it has been developed by the group selection method from heterogeneous population “LPK HOH 03” (Germany).
The botanical characteristics.The average plant height is 146 cm. The stem is light green, no anthocyanin, no indumentum. Strong waxy film. The length and width indices of its leaves and cotyledons are average. Its leaves are light green, with no anthocyanin color and waxy film, on the upper side of the leaf indumentum level is high. The cotyledon development level is high. Upper leave part curve is medium. Petal color is orange-yellow. Flowering time is early. Pod (without beak) is of the average length. Pod beak is long. Seeds are rounded, seed color is dark red-brown (dark seeds predominate). 1000 seeds weigh is 3.78 gram.
Biological properties. The vegetation period to seed maturity amounts on the average to 295 days. Lodging resistance index is above the average, seed shattering resistance is the average.
Susceptibility to Alternaria and Fusarium is low - at the standard level (variety Zlata). It is only slightly damaged by cruciferous flea beetles . The rape blossom beetle damage is usually moderate.
Competitiveness. Due to its high productivity potential , good winter hardiness and seed quality Enigma variety is quite competitive in all the 12 regions of Russia.
Main advantages. High-yielding and winter hardy, with high quality oil and protein meal (extraction cake), this variety is suitable for mechanical harvesting. It is recommended for seed and fodder cultivation, as well as for biofuels production. When tested in the ARRIPT (2006-2007) seed production index made up on the average 1.89 t / ha, which exceeded the standard index by 0.91 t / ha.
The commercial value of the variety of the variety lies in the advantage over the standard varieties primarily due to its winter resistance and high seed productivity, high oil quality and protein meal, resistance to major pathogens, manufacturability of cultivation and harvesting.
Barbarea winter variety “Enigma” is able to provide a stable yield of seeds and green mass in those regions of Russia where any other winter rape cannot be cultivated.